1972-2022: IOI's 50th ANNIVERSARY

As we celebrate in this year the golden jubilee of the International Ocean Institute (IOI) we cannot but recall the legacy of IOI founder Elisabeth Mann Borgese who, together with Arvid Pardo, articulated the concept of the Ocean in areas beyond jurisdiction as common heritage of humankind. In 1972 it was their combined efforts and the support of others of good will that led to the convening of UNCLOS III.  Read more